2 edition of THE GAIA HYPOTHESIS: CONJECTURES AND REFUTATIONS found in the catalog.
THE GAIA HYPOTHESIS: CONJECTURES AND REFUTATIONS
JAMES W. KIRCHNER
Written in English
The Gaia hypothesis may turn out to be a true theory—perhaps nature will protect itself like a creature’s immune system by eradicating a majority of what William C. Bullitt called “a skin disease of the earth.” 12 The problem is that this theory—really an organon or meta-theory—purports describe a phenomena that can not be tested. Clim Change – Kirchner JW () The Gaia hypothesis: conjectures and refutations. Clim Change 21– Kleidon A () Testing the eﬀect of life on Earth’s functioning: How Gaian is the Earth system? Clim Change – Kleidon A () Beyond Gaia: Thermodynamics of life and Earth system functioning. Clim Change.
From the perspective of Darwinian theory, mankind may be seen as the winner of a preposterous survival lottery which, we are told, given the incredible odds should not have occurred even , the logical deduction from Darwinian theory is that if the humanoid form evolved from the great ape lineage on planet Earth, the mathematical odds are incredibly against the . With over , copies in print, DK's Big Ideas series has struck a chord with readers fascinated-but also intimidated-by complex subjects like philosophy, psychology, politics, and religion. The newest title in this successful and acclaimed series is The Science Book, an inventive visual take on astronomy, biology, chemistry, geology, and physics.
The historical problem for those panicking about rising C02 is that life has flourished at much higher C02 levels (e.g. ppm) in the Mesozoic (cf age of the dinosaurs) and over the last million years C02 levels have varied but have been been statistically higher than at present; and in those periods the Earth has been warmer but. Chronology Web. Welcome to the Chronology Web. This is a structured web, meaning that you only add information to data record topics that are mostly a form. The form elements are stored as META tags in the topic, and some free-text area is provided for each historical entry. You may add or discuss these at that level.
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The Gaia Hypothesis: Conjectures and Refutations Article (PDF Available) in Climatic Change 58(1) May with Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: James W.
Kirchner. The Gaia hypothesis / ˈ ɡ aɪ. ə /, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet.
The hypothesis was formulated by the chemist James Lovelock and co-developed by. One problem with the Gaia hypothesis is that, in common with other conjectures in the eld of Earth history, its subject matter is remarkably di cult Author: Pierluigi Barrotta.
The Gaia Hypothesis: Conjectures and Refutations The Gaia Hypothesis: Conjectures and Refutations Kirchner, James JAMES W.
KIRCHNER Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, CAU.S.A. E-mail: [email protected] Abstract.
The uncertainties surrounding global Author: Kirchner, James. The Gaia hypothesis (/ ˈ ɡ aɪ. ə / GYE -ə, / ˈ ɡ eɪ.
ə / GAY -ə), also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet. The hypothesis was formulated by the chemist.
Symbiogenetic views and the Gaia hypothesis• The multiplicity of Gaia• Gaia’s “epidemiological” success• Popular with the public, not with the scientiﬁc community• Symbio-studies• The historical association between symbio-studies and Gaia• No. Earth System science (ESS) is the application of systems science to the Earth.
In particular, it considers interactions and 'feedbacks', through material and energy fluxes, between the Earth's sub-systems' cycles, processes and "spheres"—atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, pedosphere, lithosphere, biosphere, and even the magnetosphere —as well as.
A conjecture is the formation of an opinion that is based on incomplete information. However, I may be wrong. The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, proposes that all organisms and their inorganic surroundings on Earth are closely integrated to form a single and self-regulating complex system, maintaining the conditions for life on the planet.
The scientific investigation of the Gaia hypothesis focuses on observing how the biosphere and the. There is not "the" conjecture: there are several.
The oldest and probably best known unsolved conjecture in number theory is the Goldbach conjecture. According to it every even integer greater.
Biography, Biographie, Biografie Sir Karl Raimund Popper (28 July – 17 September ) was an Austrian-British philosopher and professor. He is generally regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of science of the 20th century.
Popper is known for his rejection of the classical inductivist views on the scientific method, in favour of empirical. Anne Primavesi:Gaia and climate change: a theology of gift events Anne Primavesi:Gaia and climate change: a theology of gift events Leduc, Timothy Climatic Change () – DOI /s BOOK REVIEW Anne Primavesi:Gaia and climate change: a theology of gift events Routledge/Taylor &.
Vol IssueMay ISSNDavid M. Wilkinson Pages OriginalPaper. Natural Selection, Gaia, and Inadvertent By-Products: A Reply to Lenton and Wilkinson's Response The Gaia Hypothesis: Conjectures and Refutations.
James W. Kirchner Pages OriginalPaper. Can Trees Buy Time. An Assessment of the Role of Vegetation. CLAW hypothesis, previously held up as confirmation of the success of Gaia, has subsequently been discredited.’” Nathan points out Toby Tyrrell's recent anti-Gaia book, On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth, was presented as something "new" and important in the Wiki Gaia entry, receiving most of a.
The Gaia hypothesis posits that living systems interact with physical components of the Earth system to form a self-regulating whole that maintains conditions that are favourable for life. Developed initially by James Lovelock, the hypothesis attempts to account for key features of the Earth system, including the long period (several billion years) of relatively favourable climatic.
Recent Publications -- James W. Kirchner. Submitted manuscripts The Gaia Hypothesis: conjectures and refutations, Climatic Change, 58,The Gaia Hypothesis: a mixture of fact and fancy, in Encarta (online encyclopedia), in press, 4.
The term Gaia was suggested to Lovelock, who was seeking “a convenient four-letter word” for his hypothesis, by his fellow villager and walking companion William Golding (Nobel prize in literature ).
Gaia is an etymologic root in terms like geometry, geology, pangea, etc. Gaia is a Greek primordial goddess, Grandmother Earth. Kirchner JW () The Gaia hypothesis: fact, theory and wishful thinking.
Clim Change – CrossRef Google Scholar Kirchner JW () Author: Anantha Prasad. American Geophysical Union Chapman Conference on the Gaia Hypothesis, March 2. Kirchner, J.W., Analyzing the impact of pricing policy: the Malawi agricultural pricing model, U.S.
Agency for International Development Economists'. Holism (from Greek ὅλος holos "all, whole, entire") is the idea that various systems (e.g. physical, biological, social) should be viewed as wholes, not merely as a collection of parts.
The term "holism" was coined by Jan Smuts in his book Holism and Evolution. The exact meaning of "holism" depends on context. Smuts originally used "holism" to refer to the tendency in nature.
Gaia became a way of thinking, a mantra to be mindful of the biggest scale.” Many critics accept that it is essential to understand the Earth system as a unity, rather than as a set of disconnected components (Kirchner, ).
One of the issues is the defining feature of complex systems like Gaia, making it extremely difficult to analyze.^ a b Lovelock, Jakobo (), Homage to Gaia: The Life of an Independent Scientist (Oxford University Press) ^ Margulis, Lynn. Symbiotic Planet: New Look At Evolution.
Houston: Basic Book ^ Waltham, David (). Lucky Planet: Why Earth is Exceptional - and What that Means for Life in the Universe. Icon Books. ISBN Based on a book by prof. Joel E Cohen head of the Laboratory of Populations at Rockefeller University, “The definitive work on the global population problem”.
Earth System science: The Gaia Hypothesis or feedback regulation of the Earth´s environment Books by .